Children Accidents – go in everyday play it safe

The most common accidents


Children bring life to the place tidy – and that’s good. But joy of movement and the joy of discovery bring a whole new risks in the everyday: Not about diseases, but accidents are the greatest danger even for the smallest children. The most common causes of injury in children up to six years are falls, burns and poisoning – most are preventable.  


most parents believe when they are close, their child can happen or nothing much. This is a fatal mistake: Just in your own home or at least in a familiar environment, accidents happen most of the children. Accident in 2010 alone, according to statutory health insurance AOK 200,000 children under the age to six years so heavy that they had to be treated in hospital. Most of them were overthrown, were burned or poisoned. Especially at this age are often the cause of injury crashes.


A large proportion of the accidents can be prevented


The good news: “A majority of these children’s injuries can be prevented effectively, parents need to know how,” says Claudia Schick, graduate teacher in the Department of Prevention of AOK Federal Association. Often there are little things already, to protect the children. Along with health insurance, the Professional Association of Child and Adolescent Physicians (BVKJ), the Federal Centre for Health Education (BZgA), the federal “Safe Kids” and the accredited Physicians (KBV), the AOK update the existing information sheets with a view to and extended tips.


Right advice at the right time


“Crucially, of course, that the right advice at the right time to arrive with their parents,” said Schick.While the baby safe lying on the changing table and the air bag is deactivated for the baby car seat, it’s in the game space age, for example, about to remove cords on anoraks and protect your head with a helmet while driving with the wheel. Therefore, the leaflets are tailored to the developmental stages of the child. The pediatricians give to the respective U-tests fail, they can still have time any time taken or downloaded on the internet.
To avoid accidents from the beginning, it is, among other things,

  • always to have on the changing table, one hand on the baby’s body, so it can not fall
  • not to let the child sleep on your stomach and avoid a sleeping bag by the overheating and thus the sudden infant death syndrome
  • to use only short dummy chains, so that the child can not choke
  • to transport the baby in the car in the car seat only backwards and off airbag.

Risks change with age


With age, the risks of everyday life change. A checklist helps to make the budget generally safe for small children. This includes, for example,

  • equip the outlets with child safety
  • Remove tablecloths so that children can not draw hot pots or dangerous objects from the table
  • Equip stoves, ovens and furnaces with protective grids
  • Fasten shelves securely to overthrow, to establish secure TV
  • To secure stairs with grids
  • keep dangerous items such as cleaning supplies and medicines out of reach of children
  • To fence ponds, pools and rain barrels or cover and
  • equip the apartment with smoke detectors, which should apply to any apartment anyway.

Burning, poisoning, burns – that is to do


In addition to falls include burns, poisoning and burns to the most common childhood accidents.Therefore, it is also the case of the case particularly important for parents to know how to respond.For burns apply:

  • reassure the child and the violation of lukewarm water (25 degrees) rinsing until the pain subsides
  • keep the body warm remaining
  • with larger burns the ambulance with 112 call.

In cases of poisoning many parents believe that they should bring their child as soon as possible vomiting. “They should, however, by no means,” said Schick. Makes the child a sick feeling, the ambulance should be called as soon as possible. In addition:

  • Call the Poison Control: What the child has eaten or drunk? How much? How old is it?How long the incident is from? Exact specifications make it easier for experts to assess the situation and advise the parents.
  • If the child vomits on his own, parents should take the vomit with the hospital.
  • In burns of the eye, it is advisable to flush the eye for ten minutes with lukewarm water. If the skin is affected, the body should be washed with soap; burns in the mouth or in the esophagus should a child is conscious, drink one to two glasses of water or tea.

Even with precautions can not always avoid all accidents. For emergencies, it is useful to have hanging all important phone numbers on a piece of paper in the closet: ambulance, poison control, neighbors who could take care of a sibling. This helps the parents in such moments not to lose your head. Important and helpful too: “If the parents have made themselves a first aid course specifically designed for children, they know what to do and stay quiet.”

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