Top 5 monsoon diseases

The rain clouds have arrived with a vengeance this year — bringing with them endless potholes, waterlogged roads and never-ending traffic jams.

Here are top 5 monsoon-related diseases from which you need to protect yourself and your family.

1. Malaria

What is Malaria?

Malaria is an infection caused by single-celled parasites that enter the blood through the bite of an Anopheles mosquito.

2. Diarrhea

What is Diarrhea?

Diarrhea is more frequent and more liquid bowel movements than normal. Diarrhea often is caused by an infection with bacteria, viruses or a parasite. Bacteria cause diarrhea either by invading the intestine or by producing a toxin that makes the intestine secrete more water. When the diarrhea is caused by food contaminated with bacteria or parasites, people often refer to this as food poisoning.

3. Cold and Flu

What is Cold and flu?

Sneezing, scratchy throat, runny nose—everyone knows the first signs of a cold, probably the most common illness known.

Although the common cold is usually mild, with symptoms lasting 1 to 2 weeks, it is a leading cause of doctor visits and missed days from school and work.

3. Cold and Flu

What is Cold and flu?

Sneezing, scratchy throat, runny nose—everyone knows the first signs of a cold, probably the most common illness known.

Although the common cold is usually mild, with symptoms lasting 1 to 2 weeks, it is a leading cause of doctor visits and missed days from school and work.

4.Hepatitis A

What is Hepatitis A?

Hepatitis A is a viral infection that can inflame and damage the liver. Unlike other forms of hepatitis, hepatitis A is usually mild and does not last long. Usually spread in contaminated food or water, hepatitis A also can be passed during sexual practices that involve the anus.

In rare cases, hepatitis A can be spread by contact with the blood of a person who has the infection, for instance, when intravenous drug users share needles.

5. Chikungunya fever

What is Chikungunya Fever?

Chikungunya fever is caused by a virus and is transmitted by bite of Aedes aegypti mosquito which bites during the day. The symptoms of the disease are similar to dengue fever. In some patients it can cause severe, occasionally persistent, joint pain (arthritis), as well as fever and rash.

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